Ointments, creams and gels for the treatment of varicose veins

girl rubs her legs with varicose vein gel

Ointment for varicose veins is a good tool for prevention and an adjunctive method of treatment in the early stages of the disease. The use of such medical devices has the following purposes:

  • Restore proper blood flow.
  • Increases the tone of the walls of blood vessels and improves the functioning of the valve system.
  • Prevention of complications associated with dilation of venous vessels.
  • Reduce the level of swelling and pain in the legs.

Drug treatment of varicose veins should be prescribed by a phlebologist. Given the variety of pharmaceutical products, it is very important to know which drugs are applicable at a certain stage of the disease and which of them will be harmful and completely useless. The loss of time in this case will lead to unwanted progression of varicose veins. Let's take a closer look at the characteristics of the composition and the use of ointments and gels in the treatment of veins.

How does varicose vein cream work?

Ointments and creams are based on an anticoagulant - a component that strengthens the venous vessels and helps relieve the affected areas. In addition, the preparation contains vitamins (eg vitamins B₁, B₅ and C), which have a strengthening effect on venous walls and tissue regeneration, as well as substances with vasodilating and analgesic properties. Varicose veins interfere with the ability of drugs to penetrate the tissues, therefore the concentration of coagulant must be high enough for an effective result.

In modern medicine, ointments for the treatment of veins are not used so often. Having a fairly thick and greasy base, they are absorbed more slowly and worse. Their use is associated with some discomfort for the patient (dirty clothes, sticky skin). Thus, the effectiveness of such products is slightly lower than that of creams and gels for the feet.

For whom is the treatment with varicose vein creams suitable?

It is very important not to ignore the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease and not to delay seeking professional help from a phlebologist. Given the fact that the use of creams and ointments is only an auxiliary method for the treatment of various stages of varicose veins, the appointment of appropriate drugs can be done only by a doctor after diagnosis. The use of appropriate drugs for varicose veins will help avoid blood stagnation in the veins, relieve inflammation and significantly reduce the possibility of recurrence.

The medication plan for treating varicose veins is usually complex and involves the administration of tablets and topical medications. The medical method using a varicose vein cream includes the appointment of venotonic agents, special drugs that improve blood circulation and prevent the formation of blood clots, and combined agents.

The use of tonics

Venotonics are medicinal preparations based on plant flavonoids, whose action is aimed at increasing venous tone, improving reflux (blood flow), strengthening the walls of blood vessels and reducing swelling. In addition, such drugs help to combat leg pain after prolonged standing.

It should be remembered that any drug has contraindications for use. The reason may be individual sensitivity to the components of the ointment, other diseases of the body, pregnancy, etc.

Heparin ointments and gels

The classic drug for each stage of varicose veins is heparin gel (the concentration of the drug is 100 IU / g). The active ingredient of the drug has the ability to be well absorbed into the blood and reduce its coagulation, preventing platelet aggregation. In this way, heparin ointment effectively prevents the appearance of blood clots on the superficial veins and helps to resolve existing blockages.

Due to its effective effect on venous vessels, the substance heparin is added to the composition of many medical drugs against varicose veins. Its main purpose is to normalize blood circulation, relieve the feeling of heaviness, leg pain, swelling and itching. Systematic use of the ointment allows you to achieve the first positive results after two weeks.

The use of heparin-based drugs requires medical advice, as this substance can cause allergies or dermatitis.

An example of a combined agent is a gel that includes heparin, troxerutin and provitamin B₅ (dexpanthenol), which effectively fight swelling, increase tone and repair damaged venous areas. To achieve the result it is recommended to apply 2-3 times a day for 2-3 weeks.

Are creams effective?

Gels and creams undoubtedly play an important role in treatment, but they are not able to completely cure varicose veins. Their main purpose is to reduce and alleviate painful sensations and symptoms, thin the blood, tone, strengthen the venous vessels and prevent blood clots.

Such drugs for varicose veins are most effective in the early stages of the disease, as they help to improve blood flow through a light foot massage. Progressive varicose veins (the appearance of spider veins) and the advanced stage of the disease also suggest the use of ointments and creams, but require careful attention to the choice of medication, as they can worsen the problem.

To enhance the effect of the gels and creams, the doctor may additionally recommend that the patient use compression garments, do gymnastic exercises and change the diet.