Causes, symptoms and methods of treating varicose veins in men

Varicose veins are an enlargement of the superficial veins, which is accompanied by valve insufficiency and impaired blood flow to the affected vessel. Most often, varicose veins affect the veins of the legs - they become larger, darker and crooked. In addition to an aesthetic defect, the disease causes pain, heaviness in the legs and swelling, and without treatment can provoke serious complications.

According to statisticsvaricose veins are more common in women, but in men the disease is common - in about 32% (for comparison, the figure in women is 40%). Statistics break the stereotype that varicose veins are an extremely female problem.

Symptoms of varicose veins in men

In the beginning, varicose veins develop almost imperceptibly: a small vascular network with a blue or purple tinge appears on the skin. At the same time, pain and other symptoms as a rule still do not bother. They appear later. However, already in this case it is worth visiting a phlebologist and be examined. The development of the disease at an early stage can be delayed with the help of drug therapy and physiotherapy, and at a later stage surgery is possible.

The symptoms of varicose veins can be:

  • swelling of the abdomen, dilation and twisting of the veins;
  • the appearance of vascular "asterisks";
  • itchy skin and / or discoloration near the affected vessels;
  • burning sensation in the muscles of the legs;
  • leg pain;
  • swelling of the legs, especially in the ankle;
  • heaviness in the legs;
  • bruising after light bruising;
  • rapid fatigue.

The appearance of even a few of these symptoms may indicate the onset of the disease.

The reasons for the development of varicose veins in men

The development of varicose veins occurs mainly with weakness of the venous walls, dysfunction or insufficiency of the valves. They play a key role in the process of normal blood circulation. Through the veins of the legs, the blood moves from the bottom up towards the heart, and the valves prevent the return flow of blood by gravity. If they do not cope with their function, blood circulation is disrupted, the load increases and the vessels dilate. In turn, if the diameter of the vein increases, the valve can no longer close it. This is how varicose veins develop.

The main causes of varicose veins in men are:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  • professional sports;
  • heavy physical work;
  • standing upright all day;
  • Overweight;
  • lack of physical activity;
  • irrational eating (preference for fatty, fried, smoked foods, etc. );
  • bad habits (smoking, drinking alcohol).

Diagnosis of varicose veins in men

To diagnose varicose veins, you need to make an appointment for a consultationto a phlebologist- specializes mainly in the treatment of leg veins. During the appointment, the doctor will perform an examination, assess the degree of swelling of the veins externally and perform an ultrasound Doppler ultrasound. The doctor will also ask you to describe the complaints, talk about lifestyle and the presence of chronic diseases. Based on this, the specialist will make a preliminary diagnosis.

For diagnosisvaricose veins and the degree of venous lesions phlebologist may prescribe:

  • Doppler ultrasound - allows you to determine the sealing of the walls of the veins, the diameter of the veins, the condition of the valves and blood flow;
  • phlebography - X-ray examination with contrast;
  • laboratory blood tests and other hardware tests.

The doctor determines what tests the patient needs after examination and evaluation of the complaints.

Treatment of varicose veins in men

For varicose veins, applyboth medical and surgical treatment. . . The first is effective in the early stages of the disease. When the veins are severely dilated, surgical removal is usually required. Such operations are now performed successfully using minimally invasive techniques.

Conservative therapy is aimed at strengthening the walls of blood vessels, normalizing blood circulation and eliminating painful symptoms. For this, the doctor may prescribe venotonics, anticoagulants in tablets, as well as ointments and compression stockings. Sometimes this treatment eliminates the signs of the disease, but does not stop its development. In these cases, surgical treatment is recommended.

Depending on the stage of the disease, the presence of complications and other individual factors, the vascular surgeon may prescribe one of the minimally invasive methods of surgical treatment.

The methods for surgical treatment of varicose veins are:

  1. Miniphlebectomy.It is prescribed for extensive varicose veins, severe symptoms of the disease and the development of complications. The procedure involves surgical removal of the affected vessels. As a rule, one or more punctures are made on the skin, through which the veins are removed.
  2. Microsclerotherapy.They are mainly used to treat spider veins. A drug is injected into the veins that blocks their lumen. The veins stick together and the external defect disappears immediately.
  3. Foam sclerotherapy.It is used for varicose veins at different stages and localization. Foamy sclerosant is injected into the veins, causing them to stick together.
  4. Endovasal laser coagulation.It is used for varicose veins of 2 and 3 stages. The laser is injected into a vein through a small puncture and with its help sclerotherapy (gluing) of the vein is performed.

In all cases, the flow of blood through the varicose veins is stopped and redistributed to other vessels. Varicose veins most often affect only the superficial veins, through which about 10% of the blood passes. When removed, it goes into the deep veins, which quickly adapt to the increased load. In this way, the treatment does not damage the blood supply to the limbs.

Prevention of varicose veins

prevention of varicose veins in men

To reduce the risk of developing varicose veins, phlebologists recommend:

  • maintains an optimal level of physical activity;
  • alternating rest, sedentary work with physical activity;
  • lift your legs more often, put a dining chair for your legs;
  • maintains normal body weight;
  • eat right;
  • to give up bad habits;
  • do not wear tight clothing and uncomfortable shoes.

FAQ:

Do men have varicose veins?

Varicose veins in men also occur quite often. According to statistics, the disease occurs in 32% of men. In young and middle-aged people, the prevalence of the disease among women is higher, but in older people it is the same.

What is the risk of varicose veins in men?

In men, as well as in women, the disease can cause complications: trophic ulcers, thrombophlebitis, chronic venous insufficiency and others.

How to recognize varicose veins in men?

To diagnose varicose veins, you should contact a phlebologist. The doctor will perform an examination and prescribe tests - Doppler ultrasound and others. You can also identify the disease yourself by finding swollen varicose veins.